In 2022 export of goods amounted to 44,148.8 million dollars. USA, or 64.9% compared to 2021, import - 55,273.5 million dollars, or 75.9%. The negative balance amounted to USD 11,124.7 million. (in 2021, it is also negative - 4,770.8 million dollars).
The export-import coverage ratio was 0.80 (0.93 in 2021).
Foreign trade operations were conducted with partners from 233 countries.
More information on the commodity structure of foreign trade, as well as seasonally adjusted monthly volumes of export-import of goods are given in the appendices.
The observation covers all regions of Ukraine, except of the temporarily occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol, and part of the temporarily occupied territories in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
Methodology and definitions
Export of goods is a customs regime, according to which Ukrainian goods are released for free circulation outside the customs territory of Ukraine without obligations regarding their re-importation.
Import of goods is a customs regime, according to which foreign goods are released for free circulation in the customs territory of Ukraine after payment of all customs payments established by the laws of Ukraine for the import of these goods and completion of all necessary customs formalities.
Data on the statistics of foreign trade in goods are formed on the basis of administrative data of customs declarations (State Customs Service of Ukraine), certificates on export-import of natural gas
(JSC "Naftogaz of Ukraine"), as well as forms of state statistical monitoring of export-import of goods purchased in ports.
Accounting for goods is carried out at the moment when they are imported into or exported from the economic territory of the country. The borders of the country's statistical territory coincide with its economic territory.
To account for the export-import of goods, the Ukrainian classification of goods of foreign economic activity (UKT ZED) is used: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/klasf/nac_kls/op_ukzed_2016.htm
The statistical value is calculated by converting the value of goods into US dollars at the exchange rate set by the National Bank of Ukraine on the day of issuing customs declarations. For goods that are submitted according to the statistical report, the value of the goods is converted into US dollars at the average quarterly exchange rate, calculated on the basis of the daily official exchange rates established by the NBU.
During the period of introduction of the legal regime of martial law in Ukraine, information based on the results of state statistical observation on foreign trade in goods is formed by state statistics bodies for Ukraine as a whole and regions, by commodity structure (information is not formed by geographic structure).
Methodological regulations: https://ukrstat.gov.ua/norm_doc/2022/449/449.pdf
Seasonal adjustment of the dynamic range of export-import volumes of goods is carried out with the help of the "Demetra+" program, using the TRAMO/SEATS method. Indicators are calculated for Ukraine as a whole. The method of seasonal adjustment of the cost of export-import of goods:
Information on the statistics of foreign trade in goods is published monthly and is operational.
Data are updated monthly in accordance with changes in customs declarations. In this express issue, the data for the previous reporting period have been clarified. The final clarification of the data is carried out in May following the reporting year.
Discrepancies in the data published by the State Statistics Service, the State Customs Service and the National Bank
Clarification of the State Statistics Service, the State Customs Service and the National Bank regarding possible discrepancies in data on foreign trade in goods and services, which are made public by the specified entities: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/metod_polog/metod_doc/2021/roz_zet/roz_zet.doc
Help: tel. (044) 289-62-47
e-mail: L. Matronich@ukrstat.gov.ua
More information: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/menu/menu_u/zed.htm
© State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 2023